Stephen J. Farr, Ph.D. is one of our co-founders, is a member of our board of directors and has served as our Chief Executive Officer since April 2015 and as President of Zogenix since its inception in August 2006. From 1995 to August 2006, Dr. Farr held positions of increasing responsibility within pharmaceutical sciences and research and development at Aradigm Corporation, and he served most recently as Senior Vice President and Chief Scientific Officer. In 2003, he played a key role in identifying and acquiring the DosePro technology and became technical director and executive sponsor for the development of sumatriptan DosePro at Aradigm Corporation. From 1986 to 1994, Dr. Farr was a tenured professor at the Welsh School of Pharmacy, Cardiff University, United Kingdom, concentrating in the areas of physical pharmacy and biopharmaceutics. Mr. Farr currently serves on the Board of Directors of SteadyMed Therapeutics, Inc. He is a fellow of the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists and visiting Associate Professor in the Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University. Dr. Farr is a registered pharmacist in the United Kingdom and obtained his Ph.D. degree in Pharmaceutics from the University of Wales.
Thierry Darcis, M.D., M.B.A., has served as our Executive Vice President and General Manager, Europe since July 2015. Dr. Darcis has led European operations as General Manager for two successful rare disease-focused biopharmaceutical organizations, most recently NPS Pharmaceuticals and prior to that, Viropharma Europe. Previously, he was Vice President, Global Marketing Head and a member of the executive team at Novartis Vaccines. Prior to Novartis Vaccines, Dr. Darcis spent over five years with GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals in Belgium. Before GSK Biologicals, he worked for UCB Pharma and as a physician at the Cape Town City Council Health Care department and Tygerberg Hospital in Cape Town, South Africa, as well as H.F. Verwoerd Hospital in Pretoria, South Africa. Dr. Darcis received his M.D. from the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium; his M.B.A. from the University of Stellenbosch, South Africa; and his B.S. degree in marketing and advertising from the Solvay Business School in Brussels.
Gail M. Farfel, Ph.D., has served as our Executive Vice President and Chief Development Officer since July 2015. Prior to joining Zogenix, Dr. Farfel was Chief Clinical and Regulatory Officer of Marinus Pharmaceuticals, establishing and overseeing clinical, medical and regulatory strategies for adult and pediatric seizure disorders, including a pediatric epileptic orphan disease. Previously, Dr. Farfel was Vice President, Therapeutic Area and Head for Neuroscience Clinical Development and Medical Affairs at Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, where she oversaw a portfolio of products including Gilenya® for multiple sclerosis, Exelon® and the Exelon® Patch for Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease, and the antidepressant, agomelatine. Dr. Farfel began her career in pharmaceutical drug development at Pfizer, Inc., where she worked in Clinical Development and Global Medical Affairs, directing programs through all stages of clinical development and regulatory submissions. Dr. Farfel is the author of over 50 scientific articles in the areas of neuropsychopharmacology and drug effects, and holds a Ph.D. in Neuropsychopharmacology from the University of Chicago, where she received the Ginsburg Prize for Dissertation Excellence. Dr. Farfel also holds a Bachelor's degree in Biochemistry from the University of Virginia.
Bradley S. Galer, M.D., has served as our Executive Vice President and Chief Medical Officer since December 2013. Prior to joining Zogenix, Dr. Galer served as President of the Pain Group at Nuvo Research, a specialty pharmaceutical company with three commercialized topically delivered pain products. In this position, he oversaw the strategy and operations of the Pain Group, including its commercialization, drug development activities, business development and licensing opportunities and liaising with partners. Prior to joining Nuvo, Dr. Galer was employed at Endo Pharmaceuticals as Senior Medical Officer and Group Vice President, Scientific Affairs, where he was responsible for the departments of Clinical and Biostatistics, Medical Affairs, Pharmacovigilance, Medical Liaison and Medical Information. He and his team provided clinical and scientific leadership for the development and marketing of analgesic and migraine products, including Lidoderm, Percocet, Opana, Opana ER and Frova. Dr. Galer has also held numerous other industry positions, along with academic and clinical appointments. He has published over 200 articles on pain management in peer review journals and textbooks. Dr. Galer received his medical doctorate and a neurology residency from Albert Einstein in New York and two Pain Fellowships, at Memorial Sloane-Kettering in New York and University of California San Francisco, as well as headache training at Montefiore Headache Clinic in New York and University of California San Francisco.
Michael P. Smith has served as our Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer and Secretary since January 2017. From January 2015 through December 2016, Mr. Smith served as Chief Financial Officer of Raptor, a global biopharmaceutical company focused on the development and commercialization of transformative therapeutics for rare diseases that was acquired by Horizon Pharma plc. In this role, he was responsible for the finance, accounting, corporate development, corporate strategy, intellectual property, and information management business functions. From May 2012 to January 2015, Mr. Smith served as Chief Financial and Business Advisor at Catalyst Biosciences. Prior to that role, he was Vice President of Business Development at iPierian, Inc., and from June 2006 to July 2009, served as Head of Business Development and Chief Financial Officer of Memory Pharmaceuticals Corporation. Mr. Smith received a B.S. in Commerce from the University of Virginia and an M.B.A. from the Haas School of Business at the University of California, Berkeley.